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Figures for Traffic Calming

Traffic calming in a different way: wood figures against speeders

A few years ago, we implemented a creative traffic calming measure, both appealing and effective, in our village Ottenhofen, in the East of Munich: colourfully painted, fun wooden figures have been installed by the side of the road in residential areas.

On this page, you will find free templates ready for download and an instruction to craft the figures. This will be a lot of fun and the colouring step would be a great activity for kindergarten or primary school children. Why not start your own parent-led initiative to craft your own wooden figures together with the kids!

We advise you to carefully read through the instruction manual before you begin to plan the process, so you will know exactly which materials you need.

Please note, this instruction manual is for personal use only. Any liability for damages resulting from crafting and the subsequent use of the figures is explicitly excluded.

Figures for Traffic Calming
Colourful “Wood kids” to slow down speeders

Ottenhofen  –  Seven Edding marker pens, 9.6 square metre paper, one rubber, four pad saws, 63 paintbrushes, 15 square metre coniferous plywood panel, 10.5 litre acrylic paint: This is how much material all the participants of the holiday event “Traffic Calming from kids for kids” needed to craft the near life-sized wood kids. The multicoloured figures will decorate garden fences, trees, fuse boxes and dividing walls to thwart drivers passing through in an innovative and creative way…

Münchner Merkur

Step 1: Download templates

Choose the characters you would like to craft as wooden figures and download the respective PDF files.

We recommend that you already decide on where you would like to install the figure (please find more advice on this in the last step, below). Would you like the figure to look to the left or to the right? PDF files are available for both versions. If you want to install the figure where both sides will be visible and have to be coloured in, then you need to download both character templates.

Illustration: Eva Orinsky

Step 2: Tools and materials

You will need the following resources to craft the figures:

  • pad saw

  • if applicable, drill with wood drill (for figures with inlying cutouts)

  • sandpaper (random orbital sander, if needed)

  • if applicable, wood putty and spatula

  • pencil and a rubber

  • if applicable, carbon paper

  • waterproof, black marker with big, round tip

  • transparent adhesive strips or glue stick

  • wood preservative with a matt finish (e.g. Aqua Clou L11 wood varnish)

  • paintbrushes in various sizes

  • if applicable, roller

  • various acrylic paints (waterproof)
    Please use low-solvent (or water-based) paints, if possible. We recommend to start off with cyan, magenta, yellow, black and white. You will be amazed by how many colours you can actually mix with them. For particularly light and vibrant colours, we suggest purchasing some ready mixed paints in addition. Ochre is ideal for skin colour, just add some white.

  • material for installing the figure (see step “Installation”)

Step 3: Wooden panel material

  1. For the wooden panel, use waterproof, glued plywood. We recommend maritime pine (10 – 12 mm strength), as it is very weather-resistant (available at timber trader or hardware stores). First, saw the panel in a rectangular shape according to the overall dimension of the selected character, add a few centimetres as margin (see Overview above) or alternatively, you can purchase the plywood already cut for you to the required size.

  2. Grind the edges slightly to reduce the injury risk of sharp, wooden edges during the following steps. Tip: take a block of wood wrapped in sandpaper.

  3. Then thoroughly grind both surface areas of the panel (with a random orbital sander, if available) until they are smooth.

Wooden panel material (image 1)Wooden panel material (image 2)Wooden panel material (image 3)

Step 4: Transfer contours

If you only want to draw the character on one side of the figure, be sure to check which side of the wooden panel is more visually appealing.

There are two ways to transfer the outlines:

Create a large template for tracing (easier method, and depending on age, also possible with children)

  1. Print all PDF pages on A4 sized paper. Please make sure that “no page scaling” or “actual size” is selected in the print settings.

  2. To create the horizontal paper rows, cut off the left edge of each sheet along the left line and put it on top of the previous sheet of the same row so that it overlaps the right edge and the outlines continue seamlessly. Now glue the sheets together using a glue stick or sticky tape.

  3. Then assemble all glued paper rows to create the full outline of the character. By cutting off the top edge of each row (except for the top row), along the top line, you can glue the row together with the overlying row.

  4. Place the large template on the chosen side of the wooden panel and attach it on one side with sticky tape.

  5. Now place the carbon paper between the template and the wooden panel (if you have enough carbon paper, fill the whole area with it).

  6. Trace the inner and outer contours of the figure onto the wooden panel, it is easiest to trace one grid at a time.

  7. Remove the template carefully from the panel, especially if you would like to reuse the template.

Alternative: Grid method (for professionals)

  1. Print only the first page of the template (the cover sheet with a small preview of the full figure).

  2. Transfer the small grid from the template (horizontal and vertical lines) to the wooden panel as a large grid (note the dimensions of the figure). Please be aware that depending on the template, not all grid squares are of equal size.

  3. Use the small preview to draw by eye and freehand, each inner and outer contour to gradually create the larger version on the panel. The vertical and horizontal grid lines act as a reference.

If you want, you can add a few details with your pencil, e.g. adjust the ball to the current soccer World Cup design ;-)

Once you finished the outlines, emphasise them with your black marker. In this step you can amend small inaccuracies and add potentially forgotten lines.

Transfer contours (image 4)Transfer contours (image 5)Transfer contours (image 6)Transfer contours (image 7)Transfer contours (image 8)Transfer contours (image 9)Transfer contours (image 10)Transfer contours (image 11)Transfer contours (image 12)Transfer contours (image 13)Transfer contours (image 14)

Step 5: Cutting out the figure

Make sure to provide sufficient safety in your workspace and to use a suitable surface (e.g. a sawhorse).

Saw the figure by successively cutting off small sections, along the outer contours. Professionals cut from the back side of the panel (see photos) to prevent the splintering from appearing on the good side. For the less experienced it is easier to saw with the good side facing up.

Some of the characters have cutouts (e.g. the small triangle between arm and shirt of character “Flo”). Drill a few holes until there is enough space for the saw blade to fit).

Cutting out the figure (image 15)Cutting out the figure (image 16)Cutting out the figure (image 17)Cutting out the figure (image 18)Cutting out the figure (image 19)Cutting out the figure (image 20)

Step 6: Sanding and cleaning up

Sand by hand the smaller gaps and cracks on the surface areas or on the edges of the wood, larger wood splits can be filled with wood putty (let it dry and regrind as needed). This will increase the overall weather resistance.

Sanding and cleaning up (image 21)Sanding and cleaning up (image 22)Sanding and cleaning up (image 23)

Step 7: Contour on back (if desired)

If you intend to install the figure where a character motif is meant to be seen from both sides, print out the second version of the template (left or right) and transfer the inner contours, see step 4.

Contour on back (if desired) (image 24)Contour on back (if desired) (image 25)Contour on back (if desired) (image 26)

Step 8: Priming

We would recommend treating the wood figure with wood preservative before painting, this will increase the weather resistance. The surface areas can be painted with a brush or a roller. It is particularly important to paint the edges and the gaps, please use a paintbrush for that.

Let the wood dry.

Priming (image 27)Priming (image 28)Priming (image 29)

Step 9: Colouring in

Children can do the colouring in.

  1. Before you begin with the colouring, ensure that the wooden figure is dust-free. Cover the surface underneath the figure with newspaper sheets.

  2. Now you can start with the skin-coloured areas. Avoid mixing a skin tone that is too pink – a mixture of ochre and white offers a more authentic result. Colour in the skin-coloured areas.

  3. Continue colouring the other areas with the colours of your choice. To increase the long-distance visibility of the figures, we recommend using bright and vibrant colours.

  4. When adjacent areas are painted in the same colour, please make sure that the contours still shine through after colouring (the same applies to inner contours within an area). You will go over the contours again later.

  5. Eyes have black pupils and most characters have a small area around them for the iris, which you can fill with other colours (e.g. blue, brown, green). Then colour the white area of the eye. Last, create an eye sparkle by painting a small white highlight in the pupil for a realistic touch!

  6. Generously colour in any remaining scissures and dents.

  7. Allow the paint to dry.

  8. If the colour coat is too translucent in places, add another layer of colour.

  9. After letting this side of the figure dry, it is time to colour the back. If you only transferred the contours to the front side of the figure and you do not want the character to be visible on the back, then simply colour the back in a plain, monochrome colour or with any colour remnants you may have left. This way you increase the weather resistance.

  10. Let the back dry as well.

Colouring in (image 30)Colouring in (image 31)Colouring in (image 32)Colouring in (image 33)Colouring in (image 34)Colouring in (image 35)Colouring in (image 36)Colouring in (image 37)

Step 10: Emphasise contours

  1. Take a black marker pen or a thin paintbrush with black acrylic paint and go over the inner contours again.

  2. To emphasise the outline, go around the outer contours of the figure with your pen or paintbrush and paint a slim black line along the edge.

  3. If you used acrylic paint for the contours, let the figure dry again.

  4. In case you also painted the character on the back of the figure, go over the inner contours on that side as well.

  5. Let the figure dry.

Emphasise contours (image 38)Emphasise contours (image 39)Emphasise contours (image 40)Emphasise contours (image 41)Emphasise contours (image 42)Emphasise contours (image 43)

Step 11: Sealing the edges

Colour the edges with black paint, i.e. the slim side of the wooden figures. To prevent the ingress of water the edges must be covered particularly well with paint because they need to withstand rainwater more than the other parts of the figure. A generous layer of colour will prevent water from penetrating the wood, which could freeze in the winter, eventually blasting off wood layers.

Let the figure dry completely.

Sealing the edges (image 44)

Step 12: Installation

Choose a suitable location for the figure and consider whether the character is to be seen from both sides or just one side. If you want to caution drivers to be more careful, areas by the side of the road are the most effective. Do not install the figure too high, but at the same height as children, so that they appear realistic at first glance from a distance, causing the driver to slow down. Please beware that the figures do not cause obstruction or danger to traffic. If you want to place the figure on public property, you need to get the permission from the community first.

Suitable objects for installation include:

  • garden fences

  • house or garage walls

  • trees

  • a signpost

  • a pole to be dug in or heel into soil

Make sure that the figure is securely installed so that it cannot come off on its own and may also withstand a storm.

Depending on the chosen location, there are various fastening methods available, e.g.

  • screw

  • bind

  • glue

Installation (image 45)Installation (image 46)Installation (image 47)Installation (image 48)

Done!

We hope that you will have a lot of fun crafting and installing your figures! We would love to see some photos of your colourful new wooden friends.